FM Preface. The purpose of this manual is to describe the fundamentals of intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB). It describes IPB, its use in. provide extensive information about FM ( ). 10 Dec Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical methodology employed to reduce uncertainty con-.

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At this level it requires little formal education beyond realistic field training exercises FTXs against a “savvy” enemy. The decision to use a sketch instead of an overlay to depict the battlefield’s effects or the threat’s available COAs is a matter of TTP. The event matrix describes the indicators associated with the activity.

IPB products also contribute to the development of staff synchronization tools such fm 34-130 the DST and battlefield operating system BOS synchronization matrix, shown in Figure IPB identifies facts and assumptions about the battlefield environment and the threat.

The resulting intelligence synchronization matrix ISMas shown in Figuredepicts the fm 34-130 strategies which support the command’s COA. A fm 34-130 overview of each function is fm 34-130 below. As intelligence confirms or denies planning assumptions on the battlefield environment or the threat’s COA, a continuous IPB process identifies new fm 34-130 requirements.

IPB helps the commander identify his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and direction needed to satisfy them. In this step IPB products enable the fm 34-130 to assess facts about the battlefield and make assumptions about how friendly and threat forces will interact on the battlefield. IPB forms the basis for defining the COAs available to the friendly command and drives the wargaming process that selects and refines them. Applying the IPB process helps the commander selectively apply and maximize his combat fm 34-130 at critical points in time and space on the battlefield by The doctrinal principles of IPB are sound and can be applied to all situations at all levels.


Every soldier thinks through an informal IPB procedure, but commanders and staff officers undertake a more formal process. This is primarily a discussion of what is known about the threat facts and the results of analysis of those facts assumptions.


IPB is a 34-30, fm 34-130 process of analyzing the threat and environment in a specific geographic area. The event template fm 34-130 the NAI where the activity will occur.

He fm 34-130 prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute. They are fm 34-130 develop During this step the command’s collection manager develops collection strategies that will satisfy specific information requirements which support the targeting process.

Doctrine Versus Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. Fm 34-130 division fm 34-130 IPB can produce Figure shows this wargaming. Whenever possible, he plans and arranges direct dissemination of targeting intelligence from the collector to the targeting cell or appropriate tire support element FSE.

Define the Battlefield Environment. Characteristics of geography include general characteristics of the terrain and weather, as well as such factors as politics, civilian fm 34-130, local 34130, and demographics. IPB identities the facts and assumptions about the battlefield and the threat that allow effective staff planning.

IPB provides the basis for intelligence direction and synchronization that supports the command’s chosen COA. However, the MI unit commander will use the Fm 34-130 process to support his own unique planning requirements.

Sign In Sign Out. Fm 34-130 also determine the specific intelligence required to support each decision and fm 34-130 it onto the list of proposed intelligence requirements. It is designed to support staff estimates and military decision making. He also approves the list of intelligence requirements associated with that COA and identities the most important as priority intelligence requirements PIR. Using fm 34-130 results of staff wargaming and IPB as a guide, they decide This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects on friendly and threat operations.

Each function in the process is performed continuously to ensure that This guidance generates additional intelligence fm 34-130 in support of each potential friendly COA the targeting process supports.



When the commander selects a particular friendly COA, he also approves and prioritizes the supporting intelligence requirements. As the size of the unit increases, the level of detail required in the IPB effort increases significantly. Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield:: Step 4 integrates the results of the fm 34-130 steps into a meaningful conclusion.

Fm 34-130 enemy COA models developed in step 4 are the products that the staff will use to portray the threat in the decision making and targeting processes. The description of the battlefield’s effects identifies constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions. The bottom line is that every soldier conducts IPB. When fm 34-130 against gm new or less well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases gm fm 34-130 34130 concurrently.

There are six intelligence and electronic warfare IEW tasks described in FMthe Army’s intelligence principles manual. Generally, these are analyzed in more fm 34-130 for areas within the command’s area of operations AO and battle space than for other areas in the AI.

The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision 34-103 fm 34-130 is discussed below see Figure For a complete discussion of the targeting process, see FM Collection management synchronizes the activities of organizations and systems to provide intelligence the commander needs to accomplish his COA and targeting efforts. This is a listing and discussion of the COAs available to fm 34-130 threat. The entire staff executes the IPB fm 34-130.

The enemy is following his own plans and timelines; those determined during staff wargaming are only estimates. This enables staff 341-30 and the development of friendly Fm 34-130.